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Table of Contents

Second Part


The Author’s way of sending it forth, a poem. Sagacity narrates how Christian, the widow of Christian, reflects upon her former conduct, feels her danger, and agrees with her children to follow her late husband in pilgrimage; is encouraged by a secret iufluence on her mind that she would be received; her neighbours dissuade her, but she prevails upon one of them, Mercy, to go with her; she is reviled by her acquaintance; get over the Slough of Despond, and are admitted at the Wicket-gate, and rejoice together. They are fed, washed, and sent on their way; the children eat the enemies’ fruit; are assaulted, but rescued by the Reliever; arrive at the Interpreter’s house; shown the significant rooms, the man who prefers a muck-rake to a celestial crown, the spider in the best room, the hen and chickens, butcher and sheep, the garden, the field, the robin; the Interpreter’s proverbs; tree rotten at heart; they relate their experience; Mercy is sleepless for joy; they are washed, which enlivens and strengthens them; sealed and clothed; Great-heart guards them to the house called Beautiful; pass the sepulchre where Christian lost his burden; pardon by word and deed, an iniportant distinction; see Siniple, Sloth, and Presumption hanging; names of those that they had ruined; Hill Difficulty; By-ways, although stopped and cautioned, still entered; rest in the Arbour, but are afraid to sleep; still suffer by forgetfulness; punishment of Timorous and Mistrust; Giant Grim slain; pilgrims arrive at the Palace Beautiful; Greatheart returns; they are entertained for a month; the children catechised; Mr. Brisk makes love to Mercy; her sister Bountiful’s unhappy marriage; Matthew sick with the enemies’ fruit; is healed by Dr. Skill; his prescriptions; instructive questions; they are greatly stregthened; Mr. Great-heart sent to guard them; enter the Valley of Humiliation, and are pleased with it; shepherd boy’s song; see the place where Christian and Apollyon fought; come into the Valley of the Shadow of Death; are greatly terrified; Giant Maul slain; find Old Honest, a pilgrim, sleeping; he joins them; story of Mr. Fearing; good men sometimes much in the dark; he fears no difficulties, only lest he should dcceive himself; case of Self-will; a singular sect in the author’s time; are entertained at the house of Gains; pilgrims the descendants of the martyrs; Matthew and Mercy betrothed; riddles in verse; Slay-good, a giant, slain; Feeble-mind rescued; proves to be related to Mr. Fearing; Not-right killed with a thunder-bolt; Matthew and Mercy, and James and Phebe, married; Feeble-mind and Ready-to-halt join the pilgrims; profitable converse between Honest and Great-heart; Vanity Fair; the death of Faithful had planted a little colony of pilgrims there; pleasant communion; courage and an unspotted life essential to pilgrims; Samuel and Grace, and Joseph and Martha, married. The Monster [state religion] assaulted and wounded; believed by some that he will die of his wounds; pass the place where Faithful was martyred; the silver mine; Lot’s wife; arrive at the river near the Delectable Mountains; By-path Meadow; slay Giant Despair, and Diffidence, his wife, and destroy Doubting Castle; release Mr. Despondency and Miss Much-afraid; Great-heart addresses the shepherds in rhyme; Mounts Marvel, Innocent, and Charity; see the hole in the side of the Hill; Mercy longs for a curious mirror; the pilgrims are adorned; story of Turn-away; find Valiant-for-truth wounded by thieves; account of his conversion; the question debated, that if we shall know ourselves, shall we know others in the future state? arguments used by relatives to prevent pilgrimage; the Enchanted Ground; an arbour called the Slothful’s Friend; in doubt as to the way, the book or map is examined; Heedless and Bold in a fatal sleep; surprised by a solemn noise, they are led to Mr. Stand-fast in prayer, he having been assailed by Madam Bubble; arrive in the Land of Beulah, and are delighted with celestial visions on the borders of the River of Death; Christiana summoned, addresses her guide, and blesses her children and her fellow-pilgrims; her last words; Mr. Ready-to-halt passes the River; Feeble-mind is called, will take no will, and goes up to the Celestial City; Despondency and Much-afraid die singing; Honest dies singing Grace reigns; Valiant-for-truth and Stand-fast joyfully pass the river, leaving a solemn message to relatives. Joy in Heaven on the arrival of the pilgrims. Christiana’s children a blessing to the church.

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Christian no sooner leaves the World but meets

Evangelist, who lovingly him greets

With tidings of another: and doth show

Him how to mount to that from this below.

This cut was introduced after the 10th edition. It is copied from the 13th edition, 1692.

When Christians unto carnal men give ear,

Out of their way they go, and pay for ’t dear,

For master Worldly-Wiseman can but show

A Saint the way to Bondage and to woe.

Copied from the edition of 1692.

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He that will enter in must first without

Stand knocking at the Gate, nor need he doubt

That is a knocker but to enter in;

For God can love him, and forgive his sin.

Copied from the edition of 1692.

Who’s this? the Pilgrim. How! ’tis very true,

Old things are past away, all’s become new.

Strange! he’s another Man upon my word,

They be fine Feathers that make a fine Bird.

Copied from the 13th edition, 1692.

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Shall they who wrong begin yet rightly end?

Shall they at all have safety for their friend?

No, no, in head-strong manner they set out,

And headlong will they fall at last no doubt.

Copied from the 13th edition, 1692.

Difficult is behind, Fear is before,

Though he’s got on the Hill, the Lions roar;

A Christian man is never long at ease,

When one fright’s gone, another doth him seize.

Copied from the 13th edition, 1692.

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Whilst Christian is among his godly friends,

Their golden mouths make him sufficient ’mends

For all his griefs, and when they let him go,

He’s clad with northern steel from top to toe.

Copied from the 13th edition, 1692.

A more unequal match can hardly be,

Christian must fight an Angel; but you see,

The valiant man by handling Sword and Shield,

Doth make him, tho’ a Dragon, quit the field.

Copied from the 13th edition, 1692.

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Poor man! where art thou now? thy day is night.

Good man be not cast down, thou yet art right.

Thy way to Heaven lies by the gates of hell;

Chear up, hold out, with thee it shall go well.

Copied from the edition of 1692.

Behold Vanity-Fair! the Pilgrims there

Are chain’d and stand beside:

Even so it was our Lord pass’d here’

And on Mount Calvary dy’d.

Copied from the third edition of the Second Part.

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Now Faithful play the man, speak for thy God:

Fear not the wicked’s malice nor their rod:

Speak boldly man, the truth is on thy side;

Die for it, and to life in triumph ride.

Copied from the 13th edition. 1692.

Brave Faithful, Bravely done in word and deed;

Judge, Witnesses, and Jury, have insteed

Of overcoming thee, but shewn their rage,

When they are dead, thou’lt live, from age to age.

Copied from the seventh edition, 1681.

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The Pilgrims now, to gratifie the Flesh,

Will seek its ease; but Oh! how they a fresh

Do thereby plunge themselves new grieves into

Who seek to please the Flesh, themselves undo.

Copied from the ninth edition, 1683, in which this cut first appeared.

Mountains delectable they now ascend,

Where Shepherds be, which to them do commend

Alluring things, and things that cautious are,

Pilgrims are steddy kept by faith and fear.

Copied from the 13th edition, 1692.

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Now, now look how the holy Pilgrims ride,

Clouds are their Chariots, Angels are their Guide:

Who would not here for him all Hazards run,

That thus provides for his when this World’s done!

Copied from the eighth edition, 1682.

In the 13th, and many subsequent editions, this cut was substituted by one representing the pilgrims in distress wading through the river; yet the above verse was continued under it!!

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Behold here how the slothful are a signe

Hung up, cause holy ways they did decline

See here too how the Child doth play y’ man,

And weak grow strong, when Great-heart leads the Van.

This cut is not in the late Mr. Wilson’s copy of the first edition, but is in that of 1687. It is there placed immediately after the party left the Interpreter’s house, as if to show the order in which the walked, but it evidently belongs to the time when they passed the three victims to idleness.

Tho doubting Castle be demolished

And the Gyant dispair hath lost his head

Sin can rebuild the Castle, make’t remaine,

And make despair the Gyant live againe.

This was originally engraved on copper, but after 1687 it was replaced by the woodcut from which this is copied.